Himachal Pradesh is Drowning, Date 9-10 July and 15 July was the black day for the entire Northern region of India. By August 25, 26 ends, more than 300 deaths were confirmed, although this figure continued to increase. In 2023 monsoon Cost Himachal more than 10,000 crores. This event is undoubtedly a natural disaster, but Would it be correct to just call it a natural disaster?
Let us try to know through this blog why North India is Flooding.
Who responsible for the Himachal Pradesh Flood
The biggest reason here is said to be climate change. But why is climate change happening? Isn’t it important to shed light on its causes? After all, what have we learned from this disaster and what should we do for the future so that it does not happen again?
Himachal Pradesh CM has asked for National relief assistance, but will the amount received as assistance only compensate for the losses or will any other steps be taken to deal with these disasters in the future? Himachal Chief Minister imposes a complete ban on illegal mining in rivers, but is this only responsible for floods?
Do we require a new approach to development?
History is witness to the fact that humans have played with nature due to their greed. We are suffering the consequences of this every year. Mother nature is repeatedly giving alerts to humans. During road widening or making of highways Uses of asphalt and concrete. Due to this, the surface can’t absorb the rainwater leading to more runoff. Without natural drainage, water can accumulate and flow rapidly downhill, potentially causing flash floods. This is one of the reasons for North India Flooding.
Greedy contractors dump debris into the river to save money, causing the river’s water level to rise during the rainy season. Which leads to significant damage in residential areas.
The development brings both benefits and worse. Benefits like Good infrastructure, improved economic growth, education and healthcare, and improved standard of living. But rapid development leads to the Degradation of the environment, traffic congestion, and natural disasters.
In the name of development, there is indiscriminate construction, demand for cement plants, Deforestation, and construction of hotels and cafes on river routes to attract tourists.
How Much Hydropower Project Responsible
During this time 168 hydropower projects working in Himachal Pradesh which produced 10,848 MW Of electricity. By 2030, this Figure is to reach 1088.
Let us know how the Hadopower project calls for an environmental imbalance and climate change. By building dams in hilly areas, water gets collected in one place. According to the theory of the water cycle, Clouds gather in one place and rain together in a particular area, which we call cloudbust. which causes floods and causes complete devastation.
The second reason is that by building dams we disturbed the natural flow of the river. When there is no water flow there for many years, the rivers dry up and their path becomes short. Some corrupt officers sold them to builders or contractors who illegally constructed café hotels to serve tourists. which is famous by the name River View Point. But during the rainy season, when the amount of water increases, the dam water starts overflowing, causing loss of life and property in the surrounding areas.
How to Way Out
To ensure sustainable and balanced development in Himachal Pradesh, it is important for policymakers, local communities, and stakeholders to carefully consider both the positive and negative consequences of development initiatives. Adopt strategies that minimize negative impacts while maximizing benefits.
Riverside construction and avoid mountain edge hotel construction. According to me, there should be a safety board to avoid such places.
Proper disposal of garbage brought by tourists in the mountains. We also play a very important role by contributing to nature that takes responsibility for our own garbage.
We have to make paths for the flow of water or say small -small river streams so that there can be space for the water to drain out.
Made small dams to store water at the time of overflow of the biggest dam so that water flow can be slowed down to avoid the flood.